Together, these 3.8 million workers with wages at or below the Federal minimum made up 5.2 percent of all hourly-paid workers.Tables 1 through 10 present data on a wide array of demographic and socioeconomic characteristics for hourly-paid workers earning at or below the Federal minimum wage. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
All self-employed persons are excluded whether or not their businesses are incorporated.
2 The presence of a sizable number of workers with wages below the Federal minimum does not necessarily indicate violations of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as there are exemptions to the minimum wage provisions of the law.
The estimates of the numbers of minimum and subminimum wage workers presented in the accompanying tables pertain to workers paid at hourly rates; salaried and other non-hourly workers are excluded.
As such, the actual number of workers with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum is undoubtedly understated.
Research has shown that a relatively small number and share of salaried workers and others not paid by the hour have earnings that, when translated into hourly rates, are at or below the minimum wage.
However, BLS does not routinely estimate hourly earnings for non-hourly workers because of data concerns that arise in producing these estimates.As efforts to raise the federal minimum wage from .25 an hour have stalled repeatedly, several states and cities – from Los Angeles to New York state to Washington, D. – are acting on their own to raise minimum pay rates.Although some proposals target fast-food workers specifically, organized labor and anti-poverty groups are pushing for an hour as the new standard for all workers paid hourly.While the idea of raising the minimum wage is broadly popular, a Pew Research Center survey from January 2014 found clear partisan differences in support.Overall, 73% of people favored an increase in the federal minimum to .10 an hour, mirroring a Democratic-backed proposal that failed to move ahead in Congress last year.But while large majorities of Democrats (90%) and independents (71%) said they favored such an increase, Republicans were more evenly split (53% in favor and 43% opposed).