may intimidate the human race into bringing order into its international affairs" (Albert Einstein).Browbeat suggests the persistent application of highhanded, disdainful, or imperious tactics: browbeating a witness.Cow implies bringing out an abject state of timorousness and often demoralization: a dog that was cowed by abuse.
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co.
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Intimidation (also called cowing) is intentional behavior that "would cause a person of ordinary sensibilities" fear of injury or harm.
It is not necessary to prove that the behavior was so violent as to cause terror or that the victim was actually frightened.
Threat, criminal threatening (or threatening behavior) is the crime of intentionally or knowingly putting another person in fear of bodily injury.
"Threat of harm generally involves a perception of injury...physical or mental damage..or instance of injury, or a material and detriment or loss to a person." Threatening behaviors may be conceptualized as a maladaptive outgrowth of normal competitive urge for interrelational dominance generally seen in animals.
Alternatively, intimidation may result from the type of society in which individuals are socialized, as human beings are generally reluctant to engage in confrontation or threaten violence.